taught by Dr. M. Scott Peck, Author of
A WORLD WAITING TO BE BORN -
Peck started the
Foundation for Community Encouragement (FCE) to promote the
formation of communities, which, he argues, are a first step towards
uniting humanity and saving us from self destruction.
Based on his experience with
community building workshops, Peck says that community building
typically goes through four stages:
community: Having worked through
emptiness, the people in community are in complete empathy with one
another. There is a great level of tacit understanding. People are
able to relate to each other's feelings. Discussions, even when
heated, never get sour, and motives are not questioned.
۞ Forming where the team members have some initial discomfort with each other but nothing comes out in the open. They are insecure about their role and position with respect to the team. This corresponds to the initial stage of pseudocommunity.
۞ Storming where the team members start arguing heatedly and differences and insecurities come out in the open. This corresponds to the second stage given by Scott Peck, namely chaos.
۞ Norming where the team members lay out rules and guidelines for interaction that help define the roles and responsibilities of each person. This corresponds to emptiness, where the community members think within and empty themselves of their obsessions to be able to accept and listen to others.
۞ Performing where the team finally starts working as a cohesive whole, and effectively achieve the tasks set of themselves. In this stage individuals are aided by the group as a whole where necessary, in order to move further collectively than they could achieve as a group of separated individuals.
This corresponds to the stage of true
community. This represents the stage of celebration, and when
individuals leave, as they must, there is a genuine feeling of
and a desire to meet again. Traditionally this
stage was often called "Mourning".